A conclusion should summarise the main points of a research paper. It would help if you summarized to provide clarity on what you have studied, so the reader doesn’t feel lost.
The conclusion should not be wordy or too specific to your topic because the reader may not remember what was discussed in your introduction.
Conclude with a strong and positive statement that summarises your study, how it relates to other studies, and if there are any limitations to consider.
Some tips to write a good conclusion for a research paper:
Use general statements
Use a general statement rather than specifics such as “there are two opinions” or “we discovered three sites”.
Be sure to use definitive statements. Don’t make the readers guess what your conclusion is. Make it clear and concise, so the reader understands.
Use strong and positive language
The conclusion should not be negative or tentative. It should be clear, definitive, and positive.
Explain the limitations of your study
Always end with a statement of what you found out or recommend to others in the same situation.
This can be done as an afterthought in a small paragraph at the end of your paper. You can also do it on the last page that states what you believe is best to do next about your topic.
Consider writing a question for your conclusion
It may be helpful to consider a question that can be answered with your data. This will help transition from the results section to the conclusion section.
Avoid going into too much detail in the conclusion
It would help if you didn’t lose sight of what you have discussed in your paper so far. However, it’s unnecessary to go into great detail regarding how your study compares to other studies or limitations within your research itself.
Do not simply say something is exciting or groundbreaking.
This will make your paper seem unskilled and childish. Your reader may believe that you have no experience with research and do not care about what you have learned. Find a way to justify these statements without sounding like a child.
Use relative terms rather than absolute terms in the conclusion
Justify your statements with examples that you’ve cited. This may sound awkward and make your reader wonder what you are talking about.
However, this is an essential step for making your paper sound more like a research paper than a simple report card.
References should also be made to these sources within your conclusion, as well as how they relate to the topic of your research.
Be concise in the conclusion
The conclusion should not be long and drawn out. It would help if you kept the reader interested to read to the end of the paper. At the same time, also important that there is not too much content or information given at once from each source.
The conclusion is the last thing your reader will read, so make it memorable.
Be sure to summarise your points, but don’t make them sound repetitive, as stated earlier in the paper. Also, don’t muddy up the conclusion by including too much information or unnecessary reference citations.
The conclusion should be clean and concise. It may even be wise to give an objective statement such as “we believe that…” or “we recommend this…” because it can help transition into a future study or some other type of action that can be taken towards your topic.
Conclusions should be kept reasonably short
Don’t ramble on about how interesting your topic is or how great you are at researching. Keep it short and sweet, so the reader doesn’t lose interest towards the end of your paper.
Be sure to have a strong statement at the end of your conclusion summarising what you have learned. Also, include what you believe it means and if further studies need to be done in the area.
Capitalize more vital terms and make them stand out better
Many research papers use too many lowercase words in the beginning, middle, and end of sentences, making reading difficult.
This also makes the overall readability of the paper lower because smaller words are used. Make sure you don’t use too many smaller words.
Instead, capitalize more powerful and more essential words, so they stand out better than the others in a sentence.
This will also draw less attention to the particular words and more attention to the main point of your sentence or paragraph.
Look for transitions in your paper
Transitioning from one topic to another in your paper should be easy, smooth, and seamless within your body paragraphs and each section transitions throughout the whole paper. Here are some examples:
Use Socratic questions as transitions within your paper
In academia, Socratic questions are used to challenge and develop the critical thinking skills of other students through dialogue and debate. You can also use these questions to transition from one section to another. Here are some examples of questions that you can consider:
Q1. What should be included in the conclusion?
Ans: An introductory line, a summary of your research and findings, a discussion of their importance and usefulness.
Q2. When should you write the conclusion?
Ans: You should begin writing your conclusion at the end of your paper to avoid confusing your reader. It is also a good idea to have a place for writing thoughts about your writing that came due to other factors apart from your research.
Q3. How do you write the conclusion?
Ans: Use a point of view, a general statement, have a nice flow, and your article is not too brief. Use the writer’s conventions and styles.
Q4. What is the conclusion?
Ans: A summary of the topic at hand, showing how your research and findings may help solve the problem/interest of your paper and how it will add to the existing body of knowledge.
Q5. What do you need to include in the conclusion?
Ans: Include the following things
- What your results were
- How they could help solve the problem or interest of the paper,
- Who was involved
- Why was it researched/written?
- Who else may benefit from its use
- How can this be applied to real life
- Suggestions on how to apply it 8.
A conclusion to a research paper is the last thing your readers will read. It should summarise the topic you were writing about and how it relates to other issues. It is essential to summarise what you have learned and why it is necessary for your field. For this, you can use summarizing tools.
Your conclusion should also be pretty short, with no more than one page, if possible. Your overall content should be concise and well thought out so that your reader has something memorable at the end of your paper.